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and is home to some of the earliest National Register Historic Districts in the nation, including Fell's Point, Federal Hill, and Mount Vernon, which were added to the National Register between 1969–1971. The city has 66 National Register Historic Districts and 33 local historic districts. The Baltimore area had been inhabited by Native Americans since at least the 10th millennium BC, when Paleo-Indians first settled in the region.
Close to a third of the city's buildings (over 65,000) are designated as historic in the National Register, which is more than any other U. Over 65,000 properties are designated historic buildings in the National Register of Historic Places listings in Baltimore, more than any other U. One Paleo-Indian site and several Archaic period and Woodland period archaeological sites have been identified in Baltimore, including four from the Late Woodland period.
As of 2016, the population of the Baltimore metropolitan area was estimated to be just under 2.8 million, making it the 21st largest metropolitan area in the country.
Baltimore is located about 40 miles northeast of Washington, D.
C., making it a principal city in the Washington-Baltimore combined statistical area (CSA), the fourth largest CSA in the nation with a calculated 2016 population of 9,665,892.
After a decline in major manufacturing, industrialization, and rail transportation, Baltimore shifted to a service-oriented economy, with Johns Hopkins Hospital (founded 1889) and Johns Hopkins University (founded 1876), now the city's top two employers.
The Baltimore riot cost the city an estimated million (US$ 70 million in 2018).
These industries benefited from war but successfully shifted into infrastructure development during peacetime.
Damages were estimated at 0 million—in 1904 dollars.
The Baltimore riot of 1968, coinciding with riots in other cities, followed the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. Public order was not restored until April 12, 1968.
European colonization of Maryland began with the arrival of an English ship at St. Europeans began to settle the area further north, beginning to populate the area of Baltimore County, The colonial General Assembly of Maryland created the Port of Baltimore at old Whetstone Point (now Locust Point) in 1706 for the tobacco trade.
The Town of Baltimore, on the west side of the Jones Falls, was founded and laid out on July 30, 1729; with Jonestown and Fells Point preexisting to the east.